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Urinary Tract Infection


Urinary Tract Infection

This infection is very common in females because they have a shorter urethra than men and bacteria do not have to travel very far to reach and infect a woman’s bladder. This infection is mostly caused by E coli bacteria which usually comes from the potty area or anus.

A urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection in any part of your urinary system — your kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra. Most infections involve the lower urinary tract — the bladder and the urethra. Women are at greater risk of developing a UTI than are men.A strong, persistent urge to urinate.

  • Symptoms of Urinary Tract Infection-
  • A burning sensation when urinating.
  • Passing frequent, small amounts of urine.
  • Urine that appears cloudy.
  • Urine that appears red, bright pink or cola-colored — a sign of blood in the urine.
  • Strong-smelling urine.
  • Abdominal pain – suprapubic, bilateral flanks, pelvic pain (females), perineal pain.

Risk Factors-

  • Women – sexually active,
  • postmenopausal
  • Pregnancy
  • Immunocompromised state – Diabetes Mellitus, Post-transplant, Age > 60 years, patient on steroids or any other immunosuppressive drugs
  • Pregnancy
  • Structural or Functional abnormalities of the Urinary tract – Vesicoureteric reflux, calculus in the urinary tract, urethral stricture etc

Prevention- Following steps can reduce risk of Urinary tract infection-

  • Drink plenty of liquids, especially water
  • Drink cranberry juice
  • Maintain personal hygiene and cleanliness
  • Do not hold urine for long periods of time
  • Avoid the use of diaphragms, non lubricated spermicidal condoms for birth control,
  • Dirty public toilets and swimming pools.
  • If you have this infection then visit a health professional and get proper treatment. If you do not take complete treatment then it may recur again and again and may.